Basic Infection Control
What is a standard precaution? Standard precaution is the basic level of infection control.
The CDC recommends standard precautions for the care of all patients, regardless of the diagnosis or presumed infection status.
Standard precautions are designed to reduce the risk of transmission of microorganisms from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection.
Standard precautions include the use of: hand washing before and after contact with the patient, gloves, gowns, masks, whenever touching or exposure to patients’ body fluids is anticipated.
Also when dealing with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (i.e. wounds, rashes) and mucus membranes.
What is a Universal Precaution? It is a way of infection control. You treat all human blood and certain human body fluids as if they were known to be infectious for HIV, HBV and other blood borne pathogens.
The use of universal precautions is an approach to prevent the spread of infectious illness.
Under these precautions employees are encouraged to use equipment such as; gloves, masks and gown when in contact with these fluids.
The use of sanitizer is permitted when hands do not become contaminated.
The use of soap and water is mandatory even with the use of gloves if hands become visibly soiled or when in contact with suspected infectious materials.