Are You Due For An Eye Exam?
According to recent surveys most adults do not go for an eye exam until they have noticeable decrease in vision or experience other problems. It is advised that adults all ages should go for an annual eye exam even if there are no changes in vision. Ophthalmologists have the technology to help prevent and recognize eye disorders before they cause vision disturbances. Www.cdc.gov states that the only way to be sure your eyes are healthy is to receive a dilated eye exam.
The most common types of age related eye problems are:
-Macular Degeneration is an eye disease affecting the macula which causes a loss of central vision. The peripheral vision remains unaffected. The macula provides central vision, so MD can affect activities like reading, driving, watching TV and recognizing faces.
-Diabetic Retinopathy is a disorder that occurs in people with diabetes. It is a result of progressive damage to the blood vessels that nourish the retina. The blood vessels burst and leak blood and fluid causing swelling to the retinas tissue which leads to cloudy vision.
This condition may cause blindness.
-Retinal Detachment is a tearing or separation of the retina from the underlying tissue. It can be caused by trauma to the head or eye, result of advance diabetes, or an inflammatory disorder in the eye. The most common cause is from a gel like fluid filling the eye. Retinal Detachment may cause permanent vision loss if not treated as soon as possible.
-Cataracts are simply a cloudy lens. They can cause a decrease in contrast sensitivity, a dulling of colors and an increased sensitivity to glare.
-Glaucoma is damage to the optic nerve resulting in vision loss.
Here are some tips for good eye health:
Believe It or not our diet has a major effect on our eyes. It is important to consume foods rich in antioxidants and vitamins like A & C to achieve optimal eye health. Foods like fish or supplements containing omega-3 are essential for the health of the Macula, which is responsible for the central portion of vision. A diet high in fatty acids may cause deposits that restrict the blood flow to the vessels in the eye causing tissue damage.
Another way to keep your eyes as healthy as possible is a good exercise routine. Anytime you exercise you raise your heart rate which in turn provides oxygen rich blood to blood vessels that are hard to reach in a resting heart rate.
The most important tip, especially here in the Desert is to wear sunglasses anytime you could be exposed to the suns ultraviolet rays.